Start Sexual assaults on college campuses involve alcohol

Sexual assaults on college campuses involve alcohol

A literature review was conducted of findings and methods highlighting conceptual and methodological issues that need to be addressed. D., Lecturer and Director of College Alcohol Studies, Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health Five different sources of data are examined for estimating recent levels of alcohol (and other drug) use among college students: Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS), the Core Institute (CORE), Monitoring the Future (MTF), National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS) and National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA).

We conclude with a consideration of research and intervention implications. Findings are mixed to date as to whether exposure to ethanol during this time of rapid brain development alters neurocognitive function and later propensity for problematic ethanol use.

Developmental transformations of the adolescent brain may have been evolutionarily advantageous in promoting behavioral adaptations to avoid inbreeding and to facilitate the transition to independence.

Trend data from 1980 to 1999 show some slight improvement in recent years., Supplement No. Evidence from studies of college samples does consistently suggest that alcohol is consumed for several different purposes for different psychological effects in different contexts.

Conclusions: As shown in a selective review of empirical studies, these transitions offer important vantage points for examining increasing (and decreasing) alcohol and other drug use during adolescence and young adulthood. Along with these characteristic brain features, adolescents also exhibit increased stressor responsivity and an altered sensitivity to a variety of ethanol effects.

Our understanding of college drinking can be improved by expanding the scope of issues studied and choosing appropriate research designs. White students are highest in heavy drinking, black students are lowest and Hispanic students are intermediate.

Use of alcohol—but not cigarettes, marijuana and cocaine—is higher among college students than among noncollege age-mates.

Additional investigations are needed to resolve whether ethanol use during adolescence disrupts maturational processes in ethanol-sensitive brain regions.